Insect Communities

Scandinavian Association for Pollination Ecology Conference

Robert, Yannick and Stepan (together with our close collaborators Petra Janečková, Jana Jersáková and Michael Bartoš) attended the 32nd Annual Meeting of the Scandinavian Association of Pollination Ecologists (SCAPE) held from Thursday 18 – Sunday 21 October 2018, in the beautiful Avon Ri Lakeshore Resort, Wicklow, Ireland. We have presented our fresh dataset from the upper elevations of Mount Cameroon: Rob introduced pollination networks, while Yannick focused on the role of floral traits in the interactions of plants and pollinators. The whole meeting had a very nice and friendly atmosphere and we are really glad to get into the international pollination community. We really enjoyed the conference with a lot of interesting talks, discussions, Irish beer and even Irish dancing.

Yannick presenting at SCAPE 2018. © J. Ollerton

Group meeting in the Ruda field station

During the last weekend, our group met in the Ruda field station. We welcomed several newcomers to our group (three new PhD students, one intern, check our Team page), the retreat programme was thus clear: to introduce each other and to socialise. In both, we succeeded! Each present group member presented her/his work, either previous or current. Simultaneously, Stepan introduced building of our new station in Buea, Cameroon. We also split for two trips: first part (mainly foreigners) visited fish harvest in the Rozmberk pond, the rest of us did the “traditional” hike to Vlkov village. Last but not least, we succeeded to finish a beer barrel, as well as a beer crate donated by Vincent by the lost bet. Altogether, the group retreat was successful and enjoyable and we are already looking forward to the next one!

Insect Community Ecology Group, as in the group meeting. © I. Šonský

 

New publication on biodiversity of moths in Gabon

During his previous master studies, Sylvain attended a two-weeks student expedition to Gabon, during which the students were systematically surveying local communities of moths. The collected material was partly identified and mostly barcoded and used for the survey of moth diversity in two different areas in Gabon. Few days ago, results of these survey have been published by the Genome journal, with Sylvain as the first author. Their results revealed how poorly known the Gabonese biodiversity is – for some groups, they found even more BINs (taxonomic units based on the genetic information only) than the known species richness from Gabon. Simultaneously, the paper also discuss differences between the sampled habitats and seasonal changes. Congratulations to Sylvain for his first first-authored paper!

Landscape of the Lope National Park in Gabon. © S. Delabye

Full citation: Delabye S. et al. (in press) Characterization and comparison of poorly known moth communities through DNA barcoding in two Afrotropical environments in GabonGenome.

A pilot transplant experiment in (post)industrial waters

We started the next part of our “post-industrial waters project” – an experimental transplant of selected organisms among fly ash deposits and post-mining sites. By moving selected species of arthropods and communities of algea among freshwater bodies, we want to explore how they flourish under differing levels of heavy metal pollution. Andrea Landeira-Dabarca from David Boukal’s group is responsible for these experiments and she has prepared the first pilot trial with zygopteran larvae, and both natural and laboratory communities of algea. Two weeks ago, the experimental cages (notice how carefully these were prepared by Andrea) were installed by the research team members. Andrea and Vojta Kolar have checked part of the algea transplants last week, it seems to work. We are going to check and collect all remaining cages in the coming week, a lot of curiosity and excitement how they work!

Cages for our pilot transplant experiment. ©A. Landeira-Dabarca

New paper on competition between African bees

Honeybee collecting pollen from Hypoestes aristata. © R. Tropek

Our short note on competition between two abundant species of eusocial beesApis mellifera (honeybee) and Meliplebeia ogouensis, in the Bamenda Highlands, Cameroon, has just been published in the Sociobiology journal. Whilst studying foraging patterns of the twoo bee species, we observed relatively high partitioning of visited flowers among the two species. Both species are considered as generalists, but at least in the short term their floral preferences are specialised and almost do not overlap. However, these preferences change phenologically, as well well as inter-anually.

Full citation: Tropek R., Padyšáková E., Janeček Š. (2018) Floral resources partitioning by two co-occurring eusocial bees in an Afromontane landscapeSociobiology 65: 527-530.

Global Biodiversity Conservation Conference in Prague

Last week, Rob, Hernani, Vincent, Lucka and Yannick attended the 5th Global Biodiversity Conservation Conference held at the Czech University of Life Sciences in Prague-Suchdol. Rob was invited to give a talk entitled Vanishing keystones? How poaching of large mammals influences tropical biodiversity. In his talk he highlighted the importance of elephants and other large herbivores in shaping other communities, including plants and animals. He included recent results from our case study on Cameroonian forest elephants and their influence on Lepidopteran communities. These results were further highlighted in a poster presented by Vincent. Additionally, Lucka presented her thesis research on the influence of military disturbances on arthropod communities in the Brdy Mts. It has been a fruitful conservation conference with not only scientific contributions, but also practical experiences from conservationists.

Robert giving his talk on the importance of large herbivores for biodiversity.

Vincent’s visit of Krakow

Jana eurymas, a common monkey moth  in the forest undisturbed by elephants. © V. Maicher

Vincent has just come back from a week visit at the Centre for Nature Education, Jagiellonian University in Krakow. He has finished sorting and identification of moths for another chapter of his PhD thesis exploring the effects of natural disturbances by forest elephants on rainforest biodiversity of Mount Cameroon. In total, he identified over 1,493 moth specimens from the plots not-affected by elephants. Now, he is analysing the data for the next week Global Biodiversity Conservation Conference 2018 in Prague.

Back from Cameroon

Few days ago, Štěpán, Jan, Hernani and Karolína came back from the field expedition on Mount Cameroon. Although all the difficulties with heavy rains, as well as the difficult political situation in the regions, they have succeeded in the data collection bringing over 300 new recordings of flower visitors. Altogether, after all expeditions we are almost reaching 3.5 years of video recordings. Fortunately, most of it is already processed and we will do our best to have the final dataset by the end of 2018. We are really looking forward to see what brave pollinators can visit flowers in the extreme rain season.

Most of the research team just after coming back from six weeks spent in the forest.

Excursion for Lille students

On Wednesday, Robert and our former successful student Filip Tichánek led an excursion for students from the Sustainable Management of Pollution Programme, ISA Lille, France. We took them to the fly ash deposits of Prunéřov and Tušimice power plants to present how these (post)industrial localities look like and how they can be restored. Subsequently, we walked also though the Radovesicka spoil heap, one of the largest heap of spoil after brown coal mining in Central Europe where we have presented restoration of habitats on much larger scales. Besides the potential of these sites restoration for conservation of biodiversity, we have discussed also socio-economical aspects of the restoration practice. In November, Rob will continue in this topic during his lectures for the students in Lille.

Lucka has defended her MSc thesis

On Tuesday, Lucka Palivcová has successfully defended her MSc. thesis entitled “Influence of military disturbances on succession of arthropod communities in the Brdy Mts.”  With the help of several other members of our group, she sampled a large material on seven groups of terrestrial arthropods occuring in plots with different intensity of previous disturbances by fires, grenades and other military-caused disturbances. Her results will be surely useful in conservation of biodiversity of abandoned military training areas. A day earlier, she passed also her final exam and we thus congrutulate her to become a Master of Science, the third one after our group establishment!